HISTORY OF LOTTERY GAMBLING IN INDONESIA – Togel is an abbreviation of toto dark which is currently developing into 2 versions of the game, namely online and offline which raises many pros and cons in Indonesia itself, gambling is indeed prohibited.
HISTORY OF LOTTERY GAMBLING AND ITS DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA
The lottery game in Indonesia until now has a controversy behind it, many people reject the existence of this game because it has more negative impacts, the history of lottery in Indonesia itself has gone through a long journey, this lottery game first appeared since the Dutch colonial era in Indonesia, the entry The lottery game in Indonesia at that time was started by visitors.
Although it is not known when and who introduced this game, it is certain that foreign traders who came to Indonesia brought this game, this reason was because the culture of the people at that time did not know Roman and Latin letters as stated in the lottery coupons. .
The existence of lottery at that time was also identified with nightlife and Dutch taxes, the withdrawal of this gambling tax was based on the need for Dutch cash which was sufficient to attract taxes in any case including lottery and gambling, during the Dutch rule which at that time wanted to create a union state system, the general of the Indies The Netherlands at that time even had rules regarding gambling.
At that time they regulated the lottery game system as part of entertainment and the money market, all parties could play it here, during the reign of the Dutch East Indies, this game was legalized and allowed to be played by all groups, be it nobles, natives, or colonials themselves. By participating in playing lottery, people’s interest in lottery games continues to increase along with the development of the lottery itself, so this game is widely found in remote villages and has become a low-class folk game.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOTTERY POST INDEPENDENCE OF INDONESIA
Since independence, the Indonesian lottery game has received little attention from the government, games that use negative bets are seen as games that have an impact and are detrimental, Indonesia, which was newly independent at that time, had a goal to improve things.
Under Soekarno’s leadership, the lottery game was prohibited from circulating because this game was considered to damage the nation’s morale so it had to be abolished, through Presidential Decree No. 114 of 1965 which states that all forms of lottery gambling are considered illegal because they are considered to damage the “morality of the nation’s children”.
This policy then made many gambling houses forced to close, Soekarno really did not want gambling and lottery games to circulate in the community, even though the people at that time still played the lottery in a clandestine way and not long after Soekarno stepped down from the presidency, the government was held by Suharto and during the Suharto leadership kept many policies that were quite controversial, one of which was the legalization of gambling and lottery.
At that time Suharto through his policy of allowing people to play lottery through lottery coupons, the lottery was again played and the system was regulated by the regional government and the central government, but in this era lottery does not sound like a gambling game even though it is the same in nature, lottery is run not as a lottery but sports coupons prizes that are licensed by the government therefore this policy is quite critical of those who do not agree with all types of gambling.
Despite receiving various contra opinions, this policy has been running for quite a long time, the coupon lottery that was in effect at that time was SDSB or generous donations with prizes, besides that there was also a forecast lottery and both of them had something in common, namely buying lottery coupons and being able to get prizes from the coupon.
This policy arose because the state needed substantial funds in handling social and sports, the lottery circulating at that time had a high enough interest in various remote areas, the benefits obtained from this policy were very large so that the government was able to reap the benefits of this lottery. up to billions of rupiah and the distribution of lottery profits that were circulating at that time was then distributed to the social sector, sports, and several other departments.
LOTTERY POLICY IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT
The policy of legalizing lottery itself has also occurred in several regions, through regional policies that lottery games are allowed to be played with certain conditions and the areas that have legalized gambling and lottery games are DKI Jakarta and Surabaya.
The Surabaya local government at that time wanted to hold PON as the host, the funds needed were quite a lot so the government had to twist their minds to get large and fast funds, around 1968 they issued the Lotto or Totalizer Lottery, this type of lottery is almost the same as the current lottery. This was circulating and the lottery that was marketed was in the form of lottery coupons that were in demand by the public at that time, the profits obtained from the sale of Lotto were very profitable and were able to cover the lack of funds for organizing PON.
Long before that, the governor of DKI Jakarta, Ali Sadikin, had implemented a policy of legalizing gambling and lottery in his area. According to him, gambling and lottery were able to provide quite high taxes as regional income, thanks to this tax, Jakarta was able to carry out development quickly, this policy certainly saves a lot of opinions. pros and cons. Many parties have asked for this policy to be abolished because it will make people addicted so that many also support the existence of this game because it is considered profitable.